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Tuesday, Third Week of Advent (Dec 17, O Antiphons, O Wisdom)

December 17, 2013

JMJ

Blessed Tuesday!

Today, we begin a period called the “golden nights”, the final count-down to Christmas,
during which we pray the O Antiphons–they all begin with “O” and are antiphons (responses)
to the Magnificat (Mary’s song of praise: Luke 1:46-55).
These antiphons were originally composed at least 1000 years ago
for use during Evening Prayer of the Liturgy of the Hours,
the prayer that priests and Religious promise to pray every day
(laypeople are encouraged to pray it too).
These antiphons are also used as the Alleluia verse during Mass during these count-down days.
In the O Antiphons we call Jesus by titles given to Him in the prophesies of Isaiah
and plead with Him to come and save us.

In Latin, the initials of the titles of Jesus used in the O Antiphons, when read backwards,
form an acrostic for the Latin “Ero Cras” which means “Tomorrow I come”
(which will be true the night before Christmas Eve, when we will have prayed all of these antiphons).
These titles for Christ are:
Sapientia (Wisdom),
Adonai (Lord),
Radix Jesse (Root of Jesse),
Clavis David (Key of David),
Oriens (Morning Star),
Rex Gentium (King of the Gentiles),
Emmanuel (God-With-Us).
These antiphons are also found in the song, “O Come, O Come, Emmanuel”.

In the home, the O Antiphons could be prayed together around the Advent wreath
when you light the candles (if you don’t have an Advent wreath,
lighting any candle while you pray helps set the atmosphere).
For a longer prayer, you could pray the O Antiphon before and after the Magnificat,
the way it’s prayed during Evening Prayer.
You could also make symbols for the antiphons to use in decorating
(oil lamp, burning bush, key, stump with shoot, rising sun, etc.)

Here’s today’s antiphon:

O Wisdom
Who issued from the mouth of the Most High,
Reaching out mightily from end to end,
And ordering all things tenderly
Come to teach us the way of prudence.

Note the relationship with the following verses:

And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him:
the spirit of wisdom, and of understanding, the spirit of counsel, and of fortitude,
the spirit of knowledge, and of godliness.
And he shall be filled with the spirit of the fear of the Lord
~Isaiah 11:2-3

(see also Isaiah 28:29, Sirach 24:2-3 & Wisdom 8:1.)

A shift in the readings of Advent begins today too.
From here on our Gospels will be dealing more directly
with the events immediately leading up to Jesus’ birth.

Entrance Antiphon:
Rejoice, O heavens, and exult, O earth,
for our Lord will come to show mercy to His poor

Collect:
O God, Creator and Redeemer of human nature,
who willed that Your Word should take flesh
in an ever-virgin womb,
look with favor on our prayers,
that Your Only Begotten Son,
having taken to Himself our humanity,
may be pleased to grant us a share in His divinity.
Who lives and reigns with You in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
one God, for ever and ever.

Readings:
Genesis 49:2, 8-10 (The scepter shall not depart from Judah)
Psalm 72: 3-4, 7-8, 17 “Justice shall flourish in His time and fullness of peace forever”
+ Matthew 1:1-17 (genealogy of Jesus)

Judah became the father of Perez and Zerah,
whose mother was Tamar.
~Matthew 1:3

Did you have to put that in there?
It’s embarrassing enough
without proclaiming it
until the end of time!
I know my crime
and I confessed it
publicly
(see Genesis 38).

The Lord was kind
to choose my line
for great responsibility
–embarrassing as it may be–
despite what I have done.
I’m in the lineage
of His Son.

With what responsibility has God entrusted me, despite my unworthiness?
Through Baptism, I, too, enter the lineage of Jesus. Can anyone tell we’re related?

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